The recent boom in artificial intelligence has produced impressive results in a somewhat surprising realm: the world of image and video generation. The latest example comes from chip designer Nvidia, which today published research showing how AI-generated visuals can be combined with a traditional video game engine. The result is a hybrid graphics system that could one day be used in video games, movies, and virtual reality.

“It’s a new way to render video content using deep learning,” Nvidia’s vice president of applied deep learning, Bryan Catanzaro, told The Verge. “Obviously Nvidia cares a lot about generating graphics [and] we’re thinking about how AI is going to revolutionize the field.”

The results of Nvidia’s work aren’t photorealistic and show the trademark visual smearing found in much AI-generated imagery. Nor are they totally novel. In a research paper, the company’s engineers explain how they built upon a number of existing methods, including an influential open-source system called pix2pix. Their works deploys a type of neural network known as a generative adversarial network, or GAN. These are widely used in AI image generation, including for the creation of an AI portrait recently sold by Christie’s.

But Nvidia has introduced a number of innovations, and one product of this work, it says, is the first ever video game demo with AI-generated graphics. It’s a simple driving simulator where players navigate a few city blocks of AI-generated space, but can’t leave their car or otherwise interact with the world. The demo is powered using just a single GPU — a notable achievement for such cutting-edge work. (Though admittedly that GPU is the company’s top of the range $3,000 Titan V, “the most powerful PC GPU ever created” and one typically used for advanced simulation processing rather than gaming.)